bernard nicolas PHOTOGRAPHY

Flower for Jean-Jacques
Dedicated To



It takes a special strength of character (and perhaps a few ordinarily undesirable psychological characteristics) to lead men and women through vicious battles, particularly when these are against an enemy who is too racist to honor peace agreements made with Black men that this enemy considers inferior. No one can erase the historical fact that General Jean-Jacques Dessalines led the army that ultimately gave Napoleon his first and perhaps most humiliating military defeat. Indeed it was Napoleon's desperate effort to avert this defeat that caused France to sell the huge territory known as the "Louisiana Purchase" to the US at a fire sale price. Whatever he endured as he grew up, and whatever that quality was that allowed Dessalines to become such a vital part of one of the world's most important historical events, that is what is honored here.